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70% Of Developers Adopt AI, Stack Overflow Survey 2023 Reveals
While Rust is the most admired programming language.
The results of the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2023 have been released. Over 90,000 developers from 185 countries were polled for the global survey on their education, income, working styles, and favorite and least favorite technologies.
And here are the main insights:
A degree remains a common path to becoming a professional developer, with 75% of respondents obtaining one. However, many developers need a degree to enter the field. Most experienced developers hold a Bachelor’s degree (47%) or a Master’s (26%). As for those currently learning to code, a significant portion falls within the 18-24 age group.
Most developers learn from online resources. This increased from 70 to 80% since the 2022 survey. The age group of respondents who use online learning materials (such as blogs, forums, and videos) the most is 18 and younger. The largest age group of respondents, aged 25 to 34, reported learning from online courses or certifications (52%). However, they still preferred traditional education (55%).
The most well-liked platform for taking online coding classes and earning certifications continues to be Udemy.
For books, check my recommendations.
Regarding years of coding, 48% of respondents have been coding for less than ten years.
Most responses are still full-stack, back-end, front-end, and desktop/enterprise app developers. For the first time this year, they surveyed developers and found that almost.3% of them identify as developer advocates.
Regarding the most admired and desired technologies, Rust is the most admired language (especially from embedded software); more than 80% of developers want to use it again next year. PostgreSQL, Redis, and Datomic are the most admired databases.
Regarding the databases, MySQL lost out to PostgreSQL for the top rank. Professional developers are more likely to use PostgreSQL (50%) than those learning to code, whereas those learning are more likely to use MySQL (54%).
When it comes to cloud platforms, for all respondents, AWS is still the most popular cloud computing platform, while Hetzner, a German company, earned high admiration. Together with Vercel, Cloudflare, and Fly.io, it was more admired than AWS and other platforms. Heroku experienced a significant decline in popularity.
Node.js and React.js are the two most common web technologies all respondents use. Next.js moved from 11th place in 2022 to 6th this year, likely driven by its popularity with those learning to code.
Also, more developers will choose to work with Phoenix again than those who have utilized the three most popular web technologies, React, Node.js, and Next.js. Phoenix is the most admired web framework and technology, followed by Svelte.
When it comes to the other frameworks, .NET (5+) is the most popular and admired, followed by NumPy and Pandas. .NET Framework (1.0-4.8) is in fourth place, but if we added the .NET (5), overall, it would be the most popular other framework by far. Tauri is the most desired one.
All developers favor Visual Studio Code as their favorite IDE, with learner developers using it more frequently than professional developers (78% vs. 74%, respectively), while Neovim is the most desired.
Most Professional Developers claim that their company offers CI/CD, automated testing, and DevOps. Developers report using observability tools rather than a developer portal to find tools and services more easily (39% vs. 37%).
For documentation, developers mostly use Jira and Confluence, while markdown file is in third place (26%). Developers use mostly Teams, Slack, and Zoom for communication.
Salaries and Work Conditions
Among the niche languages, ZIG, Erlang, and F# stood out as the highest-paid. Zig took first place with an annual salary of $103,611, Erlang with $99,492, and F# worth $99,311. Ruby surprisingly claimed the title of the highest-paid language, with $98.522. Most languages experienced salary increases of 10% or more from the previous year.
The number of "Independent contractor, freelancer, or self-employed" respondents increased slightly for all respondents this year compared to last year, while the percentage of full-time students decreased somewhat (1%). Other job statuses changed less significantly.
For larger firms, hybrid is here to stay; more than half of employees in organizations with 5,000+ employees are hybrid. One out of every five firms with fewer than 20 employees reports conducting business in person. Developers are working on-site this year (+2%) more than last year. Leaving aside initiatives to return to the office, coding lends itself well to entirely remote work, and at least one-third of all organization sizes still utilize this model.
Most Professional Developers (70% of them) code as a hobby outside of work, while 37% do it for self-paced online learning or professional development.
Regarding the AI development tools. With 55% of respondents using it the previous year, GitHub Copilot is the most popular AI developer tool overall, more than four times as popular as Tabnine, which came in second place with 13%.
Nearly 70% of all respondents were already using or were planning to use AI tools in their development processes this year. However, 30% of developers plan to abstain from using AI in their work, as most of the developers don’t trust highly the accuracy of the AI output. The top selection for AI search tools was ChatGPT, followed by Bing AI.
Most people presently using AI tools claim benefits from writing code, but those not interested in utilizing AI tools find this to be the least advantageous.
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